Difference between radical and modified radical hysterectomy

Conclusions: Class II hysterectomy did not improve locoregional control and survival compared to class I hysterectomy, but when an adequate vaginal cuff transection is not feasible with class I hysterectomy, a modified radical hysterectomy allows to obtain an optimal vaginal and pelvic control of disease with a minimal increase in surgical morbidity A radical hysterectomy is different from other hysterectomy types. It's far more extensive and a lot more tissue is removed. Hence, the term radical. During this type of hysterectomy, the surgeon will not only remove the complete uterus with cervix, but also the part of the vagina closest to the cervix Inclusion of a portion of vagina or one ovary or both ovaries and tubes along with, is purely the doctors clinical decision(though often included ) but radical procedure is RADICAL, irrespective of removal of ovary ,tubes and portion of vagina and it is not a mandatory criteria for assigning the code 58210, when the surgeon documented it as 'RADICAL' Hysterectomy Disease-free survival for patients with stage I endometrial carcinoma undergoing extrafascial hysterectomy (class I hysterectomy) versus modified radical hysterectomy (class II hysterectomy)

Modified radical hysterectomy versus extrafascial

  1. reason; in four, the reasons were not reported)
  2. Total hysterectomy is the removal of the uterus and cervix while a subtotal hysterectomy does not include the removal of the cervix. Radical hysterectomy involves the complete removal of the..
  3. mod·i·fied rad·i·cal hys·ter·ec·to·my. an extended hysterectomy in which a portion of the upper vagina is removed; the ureters are exposed and pulled back laterally without dissection from the ureteral bed. Synonym (s): TeLinde operation. Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012
  4. It is clear that a less radical hysterectomy (type I or II) is associated with a significantly lower incidence of bladder dysfunction as compared with the traditional radical (type III) hysterectomy. Serial cystometric studies of patients undergoing radical hysterectomy have defined the natural history of bladder function in the perioperative period
  5. imizing disruption to the ureteral and vesical vasculature. Removal of a 1 to 2 cm portion of the upper vagina, pelvic and para-aortic lymphadenectomy is.
  6. There was not any significant difference regarding lymphedema, peripheral neuropathy, and sexual worry. Conclusion: Survivors of early stage cervical cancer treated by modified radical hysterectomy (Piver II/ Type B) have a better sexual function than those operated by classic radical hysterectomy (Piver III/ Type C2)

Partial, Complete, and Radical Hysterectomies: What's the

This, in addition to the laparoscopic radical hysterectomy with pelvic lymphadenectomy code (58548), is the third set of CPT codes addressing the laparoscopic approach to hysterectomy. The other CPT code sets are the laparoscopy with vaginal hysterectomy (LAVH) (58550-58554) and laparoscopic supracervical hysterectomy (LSH) (58541-58544) code. Modified radical mastectomy vs. radical mastectomy Similar to the MRM, a radical mastectomy involves removing the entire breast — the skin, breast tissue, areola, and nipple Types of Hysterectomy. There are various types of hysterectomy that are performed depending on the patient's diagnosis: Supracervical hysterectomy - removes the uterus, leaves cervix intact; Total hysterectomy - removes the uterus and cervix; Radical hysterectomy or modified radical hysterectomy - a more extensive surgery for gynecologic cancer that includes removing the uterus and. Several aspects are of utmost relevance to perform Pelvic Lymphadenectomy (PL) and Radical Modified Hysterectomy (RMH). This film presents a didactical presentation of RMH and PL performed in a 46-year-old woman with stage Ia2 cervical carcinoma. Oncological risks of the surgery, anatomical landmarks, the surgical technique and choice of instruments are discussed

Hysterectomy VS Radical Hysterectomy Medical Billing and

In a total hysterectomy with salpingo-oophorectomy, (a) the uterus plus one (unilateral) ovary and fallopian tube are removed; or (b) the uterus plus both (bilateral) ovaries and fallopian tubes are removed. In a radical hysterectomy, the uterus, cervix, both ovaries, both fallopian tubes, and nearby tissue are removed Radical hysterectomy: complete removal of the uterus, cervix, upper vagina, and parametrium. Indicated for cancer. Lymph nodes, ovaries, and fallopian tubes are also usually removed in this situation, such as in Wertheim's hysterectomy. Total hysterectomy: complete removal of the uterus and cervix, with or without oophorectomy

Comments on Modified Radical vs Radical Hysterectom

  1. A supracervical or subtotal hysterectomy removes only the upper part of the uterus, keeping the cervix in place. A total hysterectomy removes the whole uterus and cervix. A radical hysterectomy..
  2. radical hysterectomy hysterectomy with excision of the pelvic lymph nodes and wide lateral excision of parametrial and paravaginal supporting structures. subtotal hysterectomy that in which the cervix is left in place
  3. imizing disruption to the ureteral and vesical vasculature
  4. [16]. Park JY, Kim DY, Kim JH, et al. Comparison of outcomes between radical hysterectomy followed by tailored adjuvant therapy versus primary chemoradiation therapy in IB2 and IIA2 cervical cancer. J Gynecol Oncol 2012;23:226-34
  5. al hysterectomy
  6. al Hysterectomy; For a radical abdo

Stage IB1 cervical cancer treated with modified radical or radical hysterectomy: does size determine risk factors? Gülseren V(1), Kocaer M, Güngördük Ö, Özdemir İA, Gölbaşı C, Budak A, Çakır İ, Gökçü M, Sancı M, Güngördük K Keywords: radical hysterectomy, cervical cancer, surgical technique Introduction Fig. 2 Difference between type II and type III radical hysterectomy (posterior view) Journal of Medicine and Life Vol. 7, Issue 2, April-June 2014 The Schauta-Stockel-Amreich technique, modified b A randomized clinical trial demonstrated that modified radical hysterectomy is associated with less morbidity and similar rates of cure in patients with stage Ib and IIa cervical cancer. One limitation of this study was the high rate of adjuvant radiation, which may have negated the effects of any differences in surgical technique between the. modified radical hysterectomy: an extended hysterectomy in which a portion of the upper vagina is removed; the ureters are exposed and pulled back laterally without dissection from the ureteral bed. Synonym(s): TeLinde operatio Class II hysterectomy did not improve locoregional control and survival compared to class I hysterectomy, but when an adequate vaginal cuff transection is not feasible with class I hysterectomy, a modified radical hysterectomy allows to obtain an optimal vaginal and pelvic control of disease with a minimal increase in surgical morbidity

(PDF) Modified Radical Hysterectomy Versus Extrafascial

  1. Difference between type II and type III radical hysterectomy (posterior view) modified by S. Vuia. Disadvantages: which is not a radical hysterectomy, but it is included due to its curative features in the treatment of initiative stages (0 and IA1-with any lympho-vascular invasion), IA2 and IB1 (the tumor having almost 1 cm)..
  2. Since the first publications about surgery for cervical cancer, many radical procedures that accord with different degrees of radicality have been described and done. Here, we propose a basis for a new and simple classification for cervical-cancer surgery, taking into account the curative effect of surgery and adverse effects, such as bladder dysfunction. The international anatomical.
  3. panhysterectomy vs radicalhysterectomy - what is the difference. panhysterectomy From the web: what does panhysterectomy mean; what is panhysterectomy meanin

Radical hysterectomy refers to the excision of the uterus en bloc with the parametrium (ie, round, broad, cardinal, and uterosacral ligaments) and the upper one-third to one-half of the vagina. The surgeon usually also performs a bilateral pelvic lymph node dissection There was not any significant difference regarding lymphedema, peripheral neuropathy, and sexual worry. Conclusion. Survivors of early stage cervical cancer treated by modified radical hysterectomy (Piver II/ Type B) have a better sexual function than those operated by classic radical hysterectomy (Piver III/ Type C2) is not different between patients who underwent nerve-sparing radical hysterectomy on one hand and healthy controls on the other. The winds of change do also blow in surgery and, over the years, we have considered adaptations to our technique to make it easier and safer in terms of radicality. In thi The key and sole parameter for differentiation between types of radical hysterectomy is the extent of parametria resection. The resection or removal of other organs or structures (i.e. urinary bladder, ureter, rectum, pelvic floor muscle) is not included in the classification system. Also, the size of the removed vaginal cuff is not a decisive.

Treatment options include radical hysterectomy Most of the differences between patients and control women disappeared over time. However, whereas no differences between patients and control women were reported with regard to interest in intimacy in the first period after surgery when most sexual and vaginal problems were reported, the. Introduction. Radical hysterectomy, corresponding to class III of the Piver-Rutledge classification system, 1 is widely accepted as a standard surgical procedure for patients with International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) stage IB-II invasive cervical cancer. 2 During radical hysterectomy, undergoing a parametrectomy is a crucial fundamental procedure. 3 However. In 2002, our group introduced an operation to avoid damage to the pelvic autonomous nerves during radical hysterectomy that proved to be feasible, effective and safe. During the last five years, we have adapted our surgical technique to make this procedure easier and safer in terms of radicality. We report on the changes in the surgical approach and the results in the first 15 consecutive. Comparison of Nerve-Sparing Radical Hysterectomy and Radical Hysterectomy: a Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis Zhuowei Xue Xiaolu Zhu Yincheng Teng Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Shanghai Jiao Tong University Affiliated Sixth People's Hospital, Shanghai, People's Republic of China Key Word

The surgical techniques were divided into two groups: radical hysterectomy or simple hysterectomy; we did not distinguish between the type of radical hysterectomy (radical modified and Wertheim procedure). Furthermore, Takano et al. used a three-surgical-type classification and did not identify a survival difference among the three groups.1 The goal of this study was to compare treatment outcomes for Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) stage IIB cervical carcinoma patients receiving radical surgery followed by adjuvant postoperative radiotherapy versus radical radiotherapy. Medical records of FIGO stage IIB cervical cancer patients treated between July 2008 and December 2011 were retrospectively reviewed

Bladder dysfunction after radical hysterectomy and/or radiotherapy for uterine cancer is a serious problem. Its pathogenesis has not been well elucidated. Urodynamic and clinical evaluations were performed in 53 patients; 24 of them underwent radical hysterectomy and postoperative radiotherapy (RH + RT), 13 had radical hysterectomy alone (RH. Below we explain the basic differences between Oophorectomy and Hysterectomy. An Oophorectomy is a surgical procedure in which either one or both of the ovaries are removed. Your ovaries are the small organs that sit on either site of the uterus that house a woman's eggs and produce estrogen, progesterone, and small amounts of testosterone 58548 Laparoscopy, surgical, with radical hysterectomy, with bilateral total pelvic lymphadenectomy and para-aortic lymph node sampling (biopsy), with removal of tube(s) and ovary(s), if performed Facility Only: $1,924 Inpatient only, not reimbursed for hospital outpatient or ASC 58550 Laparoscopy surgical, with vaginal hysterectomy, fo

The Miami modification of the tradi- Freund,' who did a total abdominal hysterectomy with tional Wertheim-Meigs radical hysterectomy was used the removal of enlarged lymph nodes. In 1895, a radical to treat Stage IB-IIA cervical cancer in a 25-year prospec- type of abdominal hysterectomy was reported by two tive study involving 978 patients Objective Radical trachelectomy is a valid alternative to radical hysterectomy in women with a desire to retain their fertility. Data regarding the oncological outcomes of radical trachelectomy are comparable with those of radical hysterectomy but information regarding urinary and sexual function is limited. The aim of this study was to prospectively evaluate and compare quality of life.

Background Laparoscopic nerve-sparing modified radical hysterectomy with or without robotic assistance is known for its benefits as a definitive treatment for severe endometriosis. Undiagnosed endometriosis is common in patients with symptomatic fibroids or chronic pelvic pain. There are minimal studies that outline the safety and feasibility of nerve-sparing modified radical hysterectomy for. In addition, there was low frequency of AEs by modified radical hysterectomy, which was presumed to be less invasive than radical hysterectomy. Modified radical hysterectomy will be a standard surgery if the efficacy of modified radical hysterectomy in overall survival is confirmed by the primary analysis planned in 2022

A modified radical mastectomy (right) removes the entire breast — including the breast tissue, skin, areola and nipple — and most of the underarm (axillary) lymph nodes. Share; Tweet; Advertisement. Mayo Clinic does not endorse companies or products. Advertising revenue supports our not-for-profit mission In the comparative analysis between the types of hysterectomies, a statistically significant difference was found regarding histology, in which there was a higher percentage of histologies with poor prognosis in the radical hysterectomy group (23% vs. 41%, p = 0.007). The radical hysterectomy group had a higher median depth of cervical stromal invasion (10.5 mm [IQR 5-15] vs. 5 mm [IQR 3. A total of 52 patients underwent laparoscopic modified nerve-sparing radical hysterectomy for endometriosis between October 2006 and September 2013. Six of these patients underwent robot-assisted laparoscopic radical hysterectomy. The most common preoperative symptom was chronic pelvic and abdominal pain. All patient The prognosis associated with lymph node negative, early stage carcinoma of the cervix is excellent, with 5-year survival rates greater than 90%. Radical trachelectomy in combination with pelvic lymph node dissection (RVT + LPL) has emerged as an alternative to radical hysterectomy (RH) for these patients who desire preservation of fertility The surgery included radical hysterectomy and a procedure to prevent vaginal shortening (101), modified radical hysterectomy (79) and simple hysterectomy (7), with systematic lymphadenectomy. Results: There was a significant difference in the incidence of pelvic lymphocysts between cervical cancer (4.8%) and ovarian cancer (18.8%). The.

Total laparoscopic radical hysterectomy (TLRH) for early-stage cervical cancer is a safe and feasible procedure. The advantages over abdominal radical hysterectomy (ARH) include shorter operating times, less blood loss, lower transfusion rates, and a shorter hospital stay. Robotic radical hysterectomy (RRH) offers an alternate minimally. A total hysterectomy is the removal of the whole uterus, the fundus, and cervix. A subtotal, partial, or supracervical hysterectomy is the removal of the fundus or top portion of the uterus only, leaving the cervix in place. Radical hysterectomy includes the removal of the entire uterus and nearby tissue, the cervix, and the top part of the vagina INTRODUCTION. Radiotherapy (RT) results at early-stage uterine cervical cancer are comparable to those of surgery [].However, in Japan, surgery-preferring gynecologists are responsible for determining treatment policies, therefore, most patients with stages IB-IIB cervical cancer were indicated for radical hysterectomy (RH) until recently 2. GCG-EORTC classification - 2007 Type I - Simple hysterectomy Type II: modified radical hysterectomy Type III: radical hysterectomy Type IV: extended radical hysterectomy Type V: partial exenteration GCG-EORTC - Gynecological Cancer Group of the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer 18. 3 Radical hysterectomy (RH), (type 3 or type C2) con-sisted of removal of the uterus and adjacent parametrium to its most lateral extent, along the paracolpium and the upper portion of the vagina and the proximal uterosacral ligaments. Modified radical hysterectomy (type 2 or type B) included removal of the uterus, cervix, upper one fourt

Radical Hysterectomy and Abdominal Hysterectomy

Objectives To analyze if simple hysterectomy does not have less efficacy and safety compared to radical hysterectomy in treatment of early stage cervical cancer. Methods An open label non-inferiority prospective randomized controlled trial included 40 patients with stages IA2 to IB1 (≤2cm) cervical cancer. The patients were randomized 1:1 in simple hysterectomy or modified radical. The patients in the group treated by radical hysterectomy plus pelvic lymphadenectomy was likely to develop postoperative complication compared with the patients in the group by modified radical hysterectomy plus pelvic lymphadenectomy (24.0% versus 0, P = 0.067) 62 patients underwent extrafascial hysterectomy (EH) and 71 radical or modified radical hysterectomy (RH). The decision regarding EH or RH was made at the discre-tion of the attending surgeon. The sensitivity of pre-operative magnetic resonance imaging for cervical invasion was 44.7% (38/85). In RH patients, 10/71 (14.1%) pati Our Methods: Between January 1991 and March 1994, 70 pa- retrospective cross-sectional study was initiated to compare tients with cervical cancer were treated by radical abdomi- peri- and postoperative data of patients with cervical cancer nal hysterectomy, and between August 1994 and May 1999, treated by either a radical laparoscopic-vaginal.

Ali AS, Hayes MC, Birch B, et al. Health related quality of life (HRQoL) after cystectomy: comparison between orthotopic neobladder and ileal conduit diversion. Eur J Surg Oncol 2015; 41: 295-9. Mansson A, Al Amin M, Malmstrom PU, et al. Patient-assessed outcomes in Swedish and Egyptian men undergoing radical cystectomy and orthotopic bladder. All patients underwent either a radical or a modified radical hysterectomy combined with a pelvic and/or para-aortic lymph node dissec-tion. Stage IA2 patients underwent a modified radical hysterectomy; LRH (6.5%, 70/1,071), ORH (8.3%, 66/792). The remaining patients (> stage IA2) underwent a radical hysterectomy Objectives: This study was performed to investigate prognostic factors status at smaller tumors in patients with stageIB1 cervical cancer (CC) who underwent modified radical or radical hysterectomy. Matherial and metods: Data from patients diagnosed with CC between January 1995 and January 2017 at the GynecologicalOncology Department, Tepecik Training and Research Hospital and Bakirkoy Dr. A modified radical mastectomy is a procedure in which the entire breast is removed, including the skin, areola, nipple, and most axillary lymph nodes, but the pectoralis major muscle is spared. Historically, a modified radical mastectomy was the primary method of treatment for breast cancer. [ 1, 2] As the treatment of breast cancer evolved.

In a study of the National Cancer Database, the outcomes of 2,543 radical hysterectomies and 1,388 extrafascial hysterectomies for women with stage IB1 disease were evaluated and observed a difference in 5-year survival (92.4% vs. 95.3%) favoring the radical procedure. 8 Unfortunately, database analyses such as these are limited by potential. LACC trial QOL update 2021 - Read online for free

Modified radical hysterectomy definition of modified

Radical hysterectomy or modified radical hysterectomy, which is a more extensive surgery that includes removing the uterus and cervix, often as a result of cancer. The difference between this procedure and a total hysterectomy is that it may also be necessary to remove a portion of the vagina, fallopian tubes, ovaries and lymph nodes to. Modified radical hysterectomy •Class III Radical hysterectomy •Class IV Radical hysterectomy, removal of ¾ of vagina, sacrifice of umbilical artery and complete dissection of pubovescical ligament •Class V Excision of distal ureter and bladder Marin F. et al. - Types of radical hysterectomies - J Med Life. 2014 Jun 15; 7(2): 172-176 Stage IA1 with lymphovascular interstitial infiltration and IA2 surgical approach was type B (modified radical hysterectomy plus bilateral pelvic lymph node dissection, i.e., resection of 1~2 cm of the parametrium and 1~2 cm of the vagina) with abdominal para-aortic lymph node dissection if necessary (surgical staging according to FIGO 2018 and. The technique for radical abdominal hysterectomy was refined over the decades to optimize tumor resection and reduce normal tissue injury. The tech- nique used most often in the United States is the class 3 (Meigs') hysterectomy. A radical hysterectomy requires the removal of the cervix and corpus in conjunc radical hysterectomy became a standard in many cent-ers. The technique which saves vegetative innervation and individual adjustment of the surgical procedure in comparison to the standard radical hysterectomy lead to improvement of the quality of life of patients after radical procedures. The basic assumption of classical radical hys

In addition, there are few observational data to suggest a difference in efficacy between traditional and robot-assisted laparoscopic radical hysterectomy. 35-37 For example, a meta-analysis of nine studies that compared robotic-assisted and traditional laparoscopic radical hysterectomy found no difference in operative time, lymph node count. o underwent radical hysterectomy and pelvic lymphadenectomy from 2004 to 2008 (N=5,964). The surgical volume per site over the 5-year period was defined as low-volume (fewer than 32 surgeries, 46 [39.7%] institutions, n=649 [10.9%]), mid-volume (32-104 surgeries, 60 [51.7%] institutions, n=3,662 [61.4%]), and high-volume (105 surgeries or more, 10 [8.6%] institutions, n=1,653 [27.7%. The prospective study by Magrina et al. compared 27 patients who underwent robotic radical or modified radical hysterectomy with laparoscopic and laparotomic approach. They found a similar operative time from skin incision to skin closure, between robotic (189.6 min) and laparotomic radical hysterectomy, but it was significantly shorter than.

Radical Hysterectomy - an overview ScienceDirect Topic

Unroofing the ureter in the cardinal ligament is the most important step during radical hysterectomy. At our institution we developed a modified laparoscopic technique to free the ureter from its roof through the cardinal ligament. The technique is based on the advantages of laparoscopic surgery which mainly are: more accurate haemostasis, magnification of the anatomical structures and. And compared with simple hysterectomy, in which none of the parametrium is removed, the survival benefit of modified radical hysterectomy would be only 0.4%. Simple Hysterectomy Fine if Parametrium Is Clea

Radical Hysterectomy Procedure & Risks: Can It Affect Your

Hysterectomy was performed in 3 different ways: total laparoscopic hysterectomy, laparoscopic modified radical hysterectomy, and supracervical hysterectomy; the uterine artery was ligated at the level of the internal cervical os, performed by four experienced surgeons Objective: Studies comparing the prognostic results between laparoscopic radical hysterectomy (LRH) and abdominal radical hysterectomy (ARH) in cervical cancer reported contradictory results. We aimed to evaluate the prognostic and safety roles of LRH by pooling studies in a meta-analysis. Materials and Methods: Original articles were searched in PubMed, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library The technique of compartment-based radical hysterectomy was originally described by M Höckel as total mesometrial resection (TMMR) for standard treatment of stage I and II cervical cancer. However, with regard to the ontogenetically-defined compartments of tumor development (Müllerian) and lymph drainage (Müllerian and mesonephric), compartments at risk may also be defined consistently in. Surgery to remove the womb (radical hysterectomy) Surgery to remove the womb is quite a big operation, and may be necessary to make sure that all the cancer has gone. Doctors usually offer a hysterectomy to women with stage 1 or 2A cervical cancer. You have the operation while you are asleep (under general anaesthetic)

The aim of this study was to compare the quality of life (QoL) between cervical cancer patients treated with systematic nerve-sparing radical hysterectomy (SNSRH) and modified radical hysterectomy (MRH). A total of 127 patients with early cervical cancer treated with radical hysterectomy (RH) were included in the study To evaluate the security of modified radical hysterectomy, Xie analyzed 86 patients with early-stage cervical cancer (IB1-IAl) who underwent modified vaginal radical hysterectomy and system lymphadenectomy and reported that the recurrence rate and overall survival rate were 3.57 and 97.62% within 46 months, respectively uterine vessels, before a vaginal hysterectomy is done. A nerve-sparing radical hysterectomy is a modified technique that preserves pelvic nerves to prevent bladder dysfunction. The aim is to remove all the cancer. The suggested benefits of the laparoscopic approach are shorter length of stay in hospital, shorter recovery period an

Sexual function after modified radical hysterectomy (Piver

Radical hysterectomy was completed in patients with positive pelvic or para-aortic lymph nodes or parametrial involvement confirmed by frozen section, although it is still unclear whether the. A step by step video showing a technique of laparoscopic radical hysterectomy, anatomy of the pelvis, obturator nerve-sparing dissection technique, margins and limits of pelvic lymph node dissection and completed with principles and steps of hysterectomy. At the end of the procedure the integrity of both ureters are clearly shown Know a simple mastectomy vs a modified radical mastectomy. simple mastectomy is the removal of the entire involved breast without lymph node dissection vs a radical is performed after a tissue biopsy with a positive diagnosis of malignancy and removes the involved breast and axillary contents. Know the difference between a radical hysterectomy. Synonyms for radical hysterectomy in Free Thesaurus. Antonyms for radical hysterectomy. 1 synonym for radical hysterectomy: panhysterectomy. What are synonyms for radical hysterectomy

Radical Versus Simple Hysterectomy and Pelvic Node

History of the Procedure. Clark performed the first radical hysterectomy for cervical cancer at Johns Hopkins Hospital in 1895. In 1898, Wertheim, a Viennese physician, developed the radical total hysterectomy with removal of the pelvic lymph nodes and the parametrium. In 1905, Wertheim reported the outcomes of his first 270 patients difference in quality of life between patients who had open and minimally invasive radical hysterectomy for early-stage cervical cancer. Implications of all the available evidence The quality-of-life results of this study combined with and overall survival after minimally invasive radical hysterectomy than after open surgery and the fact that n What Is the Difference Between a Radical Mastectomy and . Medicinenet.com DA: 19 PA: 50 MOZ Rank: 70. In a radical mastectomy, the entire breast tissue along with the nipple, covering skin, lymph nodes (filter organs for harmful substances) in the armpit and chest wall muscle under the breast is removed; It is known as a standard treatment for breast cancer; In a modified radical mastectomy.

Radical or modified radical hysterectomy was performed if there was concern for gross residual disease on exam on the day of surgery. The majority of patients also had pelvic and/or paraaortic lymphadenectomy performed at the time of hysterectomy (22 (92%) patients in the open surgery group versus 28 (93%) patients in the minimally invasive. Schauta's technique was later modified by Amreich and Stockel [1]. When Meigs introduced lymphadenectomy with Radical Abdominal Hysterectomy RAH], Schau- In vaginal radical trachelectomy, the same technique is used, but the difference is cervical branch of the ute- Radical Vaginal Hysterectomy, Radical Vaginal Trachelectomy, Early. Nerve-sparing radical hysterectomy is a modified radical hysterectomy, developed to permit resection of oncologically relevant tissues surrounding the cervical lesion, while preserving the pelvic autonomic nerves. Objectives: To evaluate the benefits and harms of nerve-sparing radical hysterectomy in women with stage Ia2 to IIa cervical cancer Radical trachelectomy is a fertility‐sparing surgical procedure for early-stage cervical cancer and is now considered to be an accept‐ able alternative to radical hysterectomy.2 Radical trachelectomy involves resection of the uterine cervix, the upper 1‐2 cm of the vagina, the parametrium, and the paracol To compare perioperative complications between robot-assisted radical cystectomy (RARC) and ORC techniques. Design, setting, and participants A prospective randomized controlled trial was conducted during 2010 and 2013 in BCa patients scheduled for definitive treatment by radical cystectomy (RC), pelvic lymph node dissection (PLND), and urinary.